Country Information

Here you will find information about our past and current countries of operations.

Burundi

Burundi in Pictures

Burundi in Figures

Population: 10,888,000 (2013)
Area: 27,834 km²
Population density: 391 pop/km²
Capital: Bujumbura
National language: Kirundi, French, Swahili
Religion: 85.1% Christianity, 2.5% Islam, 12.4% others
Infant mortality: 59 von 1000
Literacy rate: 67.2%
Human Development Index: 177 von 187 (2012)
Per capita income: 544 USD
Burundi in seiner Region
Burundi in seiner Region; von TUBS [CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) oder GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], via Wikimedia Commons

Geography

Burundi belongs to the smallest countries in Africa. In the north it joins the border with Rwanda, in the west with the Democratic Republic Of Congo and in the east with Tanzania. The largest part of the border to the Democratic Republic of Congo is in the Lake Tanganyika.

In an elevation from 1400 m to 1800 m the country is crossed by a high plateau. The hightest point is the Mont Heha with 2864 m. The river Luvironza is the frontal flow of the river Nile. Its source is located between Bururi and Rutara.

Climate

Compared to the other regions in the country the capital Bujumbura at Lake Tanganyika is warm and humid. The mean monthly temperatues are ranging from about 27° C to 31°C. Above 1500 m it can be very cold at night. In the northern part of the country there is almost whole year enough water available. In some areas there is now precipitation for 1 - 2 months.

Challange

The challange is not the water scarcity but that the available water is polluted and that the way to the source / standpipe is far and arduous. The population often does not know that water should be boild before drinking.

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Dem. Rep. of the Congo in Pictures

Dem. Rep. of the Congo in Figures

Population: 77,434,000 (2014)
Area: 2,344,858 km²
Population density: 33 pop/km²
Capital: Kinshasa
National language: French
Religion: ca 70% Christian, ca 10% Muslim, ca 10% natur religions
Infant mortality: 74 von 1000 (2014)
Literacy rate: 63.8%
Human Development Index: 186 von 187 (2013)
Per capita income: 398 USD

Geography

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is the largest country in Africa after Algeria. The DRC is about seven times larger than Germany. The country is also called Congo-Kinshasa or Congo. It is located in Central Africa. About 60% of the countries area belong to the Congo Basin with its tropical rainforest.

In DRC flows the Congo River. It is the second largest river in Africa.

Karte von Afrika

Climate

The tropical climate has also produced the Congo River system which dominates the region topographically along with the rainforest it flows through, though they are not mutually exclusive. The name for the Congo state is derived in part from the river.

The Democratic Republic of the Congo lies on the Equator, with one-third of the country to the north and two-thirds to the south. The climate is hot and humid in the river basin and cool and dry in the southern highlands, with a cold, alpine climate in the Rwenzori Mountains.

South of the Equator, the rainy season lasts from October to May and north of the Equator, from April to November. Along the Equator, rainfall is fairly regular throughout the year. During the wet season, thunderstorms often are violent but seldom last more than a few hours. The average rainfall for the entire country is about 1,070 mm.

Tropical hot and humid in equatorial river basin; cooler and drier in southern highlands; cooler-cold and wetter in eastern highlands and the Ruwenzori Range; north of Equator - wet season April to October, dry season December to February; south of Equator - wet season November to March, dry season April to October

Source: wikipedia.org

Malawi

Malawi in Pictures

Malawi in Figures

Population: 15,900,000 (2012)
Area: 118,484 km²
Population Density: 134 pop/km²
Capital: Lilongwe
National language: Chichewa, English
Religion: 82.6% Christian, 13% Muslim, 2,5% atheist, 1,9% natural religions
Infant mortilty: 68 von 1000
Literacy rate: 62.7%
Human Development Index: 174 von 187 (2013)
Per capita income: 223 USD

Geography

Malawi is one of the smaller countries in Africa. It is located on Lake Malawi, which forms part of the border in the east. In the southeast, south and southwest Malawi is bordering Mozambique, Zambia to the west and to the north by Tanzania. The country has a north-south extent of about 850 kilometers and the largest east-west distance is about 350 kilometers. Malawi is in the East African Rift Valley. The landscape is dominated by plateaus, plains and Lake Malawi.

Climate

Malawi is subtropical. The climate can be divided into 4 periods:

  • May until mid of August: cool season
  • mid of August until November: hot season
  • November until April: rainy season with almost 100% humidity in the morning
  • April until May: rainy season

In the highlands it is cooler and more humid, while in the low lands and at lake Malawi it is humid and sticky. The precipitation can reach 2,000 mm in the northern equatorial region. The area in rain shade of the mountains gets hardly not more than 600 mm per year.

Tanzania

Tanzania in Pictures

Tanzania in Figures

Population: 49,253,126 (2013)
Area: 945,087 km²
Population density: 52 pop/km²
Capital: Dodoma
National language: Swahili, Englisch
Religion: 30% Christianity, 35% Islam, 35% natural religion
Infant mortality: 54 of 1000
Literacy rate: 78.2%
Human Development Index: 159 of 187 (2013)
Per capita income: 415 USD

Geography

The Tanzanian mainland consists of a 16 to 64 kilometer-wide coastal plain with tropical vegetation, of 213-1067 meters above sea level Massai savannah in the north and a plateau in the south (900-1200 meters), which extends to the Lake Malawi. The Central African rift touches Tanzania in the West, the East African rift extends centrally through the country.

Wet and dry savannas with acacias and baobab trees dominate a large part of Tanzania. Semi-deserts and coastal plains, partly with mangrove swamps, make up the rest of the landscape

Source: wikipedia.org

Klima

As in all other coasts in the tropics at the cost of Tanzania a tropical climate prevails. In the south and in the west the climate is temperate.